The Novel Prize in Physics has been awarded to two professors at the University of Manchester for developing 'the perfect atomic lattice' known as graphene.
Graphene has the potential to profounding transform material science and a host of industries which depend on the advanced properties of the material. The form of carbon is the thinnest and the strongest with exceptional properties in electrical and thermal conductivity.
The new Nobel Laureates Konstantin Novoselov and Andre Geim have worked together for a considerable period, both originally from Russia but now at the University of Manchester in the UK. Amazingly graphene was first formed with the low-tech application of sticky tape which formed a flake of carbon with a thickness of just one atom.
Among the variety of practical applications are the manufacture of innovative electronics and indeed IBM is already working on graphene transistors. Such transistors are predicted to be substantially faster than today’s silicon transistors and result in more efficient computers.
The new material is also transparent and being a good conductor it paves the way for producing completely transparent touch screens which would ordinarily require some sort of visible conductor.